ព័ត៌មានក្ដីៗពី វិទ្យុ សំឡេងកម្ពុជាក្រោម (VOICE OF KAMPUCHEA-KROM)

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

សៀវភៅ The Khmer Land of Vietnam ហៅខ្មែរក្រោមថាជា ជនជាតិដើម

VOKK ថ្ងៃទី ១៦ ខែកញ្ញា ឆ្នាំ ២០១៤

សាររបស់ប្រធានសហព័ន្ធខ្មែរកម្ពុជាក្រោម ក្នុងឱកាសបុណ្យសែនដូនតា

Urgent Need to End Abuses, Ensure Justice for Victims

(Bangkok, September 16, 2014) – Police throughout Vietnam abuse people in their custody, in some cases leading to death, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The Vietnamese government should take immediate action to end suspicious deaths in custody and torture of detainees by police, Human Rights Watch said.
The family of Trinh Xuan Tung (his mother Nguyen Thi Cuc, his wife Nguyen Thi Mien, and his two daughters Trinh Kim Tien and Trinh Cam Tu) outside the court on July 17, 2012, waiting to attend appellate proceedings in the trial of former Col. Nguyen Van Ninh, convicted of causing Trinh Xuan Tung’s death. The poster features a picture of the perpetrator and slogans calling on authorities to impose a longer prison term. © 2012 Dan Lam Bao & contributors.


The 96-page report, “Public Insecurity: Deaths in Custody and Police Brutality in Vietnam,” highlights cases of police brutality that resulted in deaths and serious injuries of people in custody between August 2010 and July 2014. Human Rights Watch documented abuses in 44 of Vietnam’s 58 provinces, throughout the country, and in all five of the country’s major cities. 
“Police severely abused people in custody in every region of Vietnam,” said Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “The Vietnam government has a human rights crisis on its hands and should investigate and start holding abusive police accountable.”
The report draws on Human Rights Watch’s review of police abuse cases reported in government controlled Vietnamese-language newspapers, as well as reports from independent bloggers, citizen journalists, and foreign news agencies. Many of the accounts included in this report have never before been published in English. Human Rights Watch also conducted research in Vietnam for this report but decided to not interview victims and witnesses there because doing so would have exposed them to almost certain retaliation. 
In many cases, those killed in police custody were being held for minor infractions. In an August 2012 case, police beat Nguyen Mau Thuan to death in Hanoi after arresting him less than three hours earlier in relation to a minor dispute in his neighborhood. In August 2010, police beat and tear gassed Le Phuc Hung to death in Gia Lai province while holding him for allegedly stealing water pipes.
Police frequently provided causes for these deaths that strained credulity and gave the appearance of systematic cover-ups. The police alleged that dozens of otherwise mentally and physically healthy people committed suicide by hanging or other methods. In other cases, only a vague and unconvincing explanation was given, as in the case of Nguyen Van Duc in Vinh Long province, who according to an autopsy died from a hematoma in the brain and other injuries. Police attributed his injuries to doctors who were “too hard with their hands” during emergency treatment. A surprisingly large number of people – many of them young and healthy in their 20s and 30s – allegedly died from medical problems in custody. Injuries in police custody are also reported frequently throughout the country.
A number of survivors said they were beaten to extract confessions, sometimes for crimes they maintained they did not commit. In July 2013, Soc Trang province police beat and forced six men to confess to a murder. Others said they were beaten for criticizing police officers or trying to reason with them. Victims of beatings also included children and people with mental disabilities.
Local media coverage of these incidents has been uneven, raising serious concerns about the negative impact of government control of the media. In some instances, media reports were extensive and detailed, exposing conflicting police statements and misconduct, such as in the case of Nguyen Cong Nhut, an alleged “suicide” who died in custody in April 2011 in Binh Duong province. On the other hand, there was no media coverage of other key cases, such as the death of Hoang Van Ngai, an ethnic Hmong, in March 2013 in Dak Nong province. Journalists reported that in some cases local authorities had prevented them from approaching the families of victims for interviews.
“Vietnam should permit the media to do its job of investigating and reporting the news about official abuses,” Robertson said. “Independent journalism could help expose abuses that otherwise would be swept under the carpet.”
Officers who commit serious, even lethal, transgressions rarely face serious consequences. In many cases in which abuses are officially acknowledged, police officers face only light internal disciplinary procedures, such as criticisms or warnings. Demotions, transfers, or dismissals of offending officers are rare, and prosecutions and convictions even rarer. Even when they are prosecuted and convicted, police officers tend to receive light or suspended sentences.
In one case, a police officer was even promoted after committing abuses. In July 2010, deputy chief Nguyen Huu Khoa of La Phu commune (Hoai Duc district, Hanoi) was accused of beating a truck driver named Nguyen Phu Son. It was unclear how the case was investigated and handled, but by December 2010, Nguyen Huu Khoa had been promoted to chief.
“Vietnam should promptly open an impartial investigation for every accusation of police brutality, and take strong action when the evidence reveals abuse,” Robertson said. “Until police get a loud and clear message from the top levels of government that abuse won’t be tolerated, there will be no security for ordinary people who fall into police hands,”
In several of the cases, Human Rights Watch found that police arrested people based on vague suspicions without supporting evidence, and then beat them to elicit confessions. Police also routinely ignored basic procedures to safeguard citizens against ill-treatment or arbitrary detention and prevented lawyers and legal consultants from gaining immediate access to their clients. 
“All persons detained should be granted immediate and unhindered access to their lawyer in order to minimize possible police abuse during interrogation,” said Robertson.
The Vietnam government should immediately adopt a zero-tolerance policy for abuse by police, provide better training for police at all levels, particularly commune police, and install cameras in interrogation and detention facilities, Human Rights Watch said. The government also should facilitate the role of legal counsel for suspects and detainees and ensure freedom of expression for journalists and on the Internet.
The government should also form an independent police complaints commission to review and investigate all reported police abuse and misconduct and provide high-level support for prompt and impartial investigations and prosecutions of police abuse and misconduct.
“UN agencies and international donors assisting Vietnam establish the rule of law shouldn’t allow these punishing police practices to continue,” Robertson said. “There should be a concerted outcry to press for government action to end police abuses.”

“Public Insecurity: Deaths in Custody and Police Brutality in Vietnam” is available at:
http://hrw.org/node/128619

For more Human Rights Watch reporting on Vietnam, please visit:

http://www.hrw.org/asia/vietnam

For more information, please contact:
In Bangkok, Phil Robertson (English, Thai): +66-85-060-8406; or robertp@hrw.org. Follow on Twitter @Reaproy
In San Francisco, Brad Adams (English): +1-347-463-3531 or adamsb@hrw.org. Follow on Twitter @BradAdamsHRW
In Washington, DC, John Sifton (English): +1-646-479-2499 (mobile); or siftonj@hrw.org. Follow on Twitter @johnsifton

Saturday, September 13, 2014

Seven Years of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


Seven Years of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Tomorrow marks seven years since the United Nations General Assembly adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

In a historic vote on September 13, 2007, 144 countries voted for the Declaration. It is the outcome of 25 years of hard negotiations. The rights spelled out in the document "constitute the minimum standards for the survival, dignity and well-being of the Indigenous Peoples of the world." The Declaration protects collective rights and individual rights of Indigenous Peoples in relation to self-government, land, education, employment, health and other areas.

Several countries have made steps towards aligning their policies with the standards enshrined in the Declaration, however, an implementation gap remains. There has been an increased international focus on Indigenous Peoples' self-determination and the right to participate in decision-making processes, especially on the states' duty to consult Indigenous Peoples to seek their Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in regards to issues that will affect their lands, lives, and livelihoods.

As one UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues delegate stated, "The most important element of Indigenous Peoples' ability to claim the right of Free, Prior and Informed Consent is to have informed and organized communities." Access to information about the Declaration and FPIC is crucial.

Cultural Survival's FPIC Initiative is strengthening Indigenous Peoples' capacity to implement FPIC by increasing awareness and understanding of this right through community media and community exchanges.

Read more

អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ស្ថានទូត​វៀតណាម​នឹង​ត្រូវ​ផ្លាស់​ពី​កម្ពុជា​ឆាប់ៗ​នេះ

ភ្នំពេញៈ ឯក​អគ្គ​រដ្ឋ​ទូត​វៀតណាម ដែល​ទើប​តែង​តាំង​ថ្មី​កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍​ម្សិល​មិញ​បាន​បញ្ជាក់​ជំហរ​របស់​ខ្លួន​ជាមួយ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា​ថា អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ស្ថានទូត​វៀតណាម លោក Trung Van Thong នឹង​ត្រូវ​ផ្លាស់​ចេញ​ពី​តំណែង​នៅ​ក្នុង ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ក្នុង​ពេល​ឆាប់ៗ​ខាង​មុខ​នេះ ។
អគ្គ​រដ្ឋ​ទូត​វៀតណាម​ថ្មី​ជួប​ជាមួយ​លោក ហោ ណាំហុង។ ហេង ជីវ័ន

លោក Thach Du ឯក​អគ្គ​រដ្ឋ​ទូត​ប្រទេស​វៀតណាម ដែល​ទើប​តែង​តាំង​ថ្មី​ប្រចាំ​នៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ រួម​ជាមួយ​នឹង​អនុ​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី​ការ​បរទេស​វៀតណាម លោក Pham Quang Vinh បាន​ប្រារព្ធ​កិច្ច​ជំនួប​ផ្សេង​គ្នា​ជាមួយ​លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី ហ៊ុន សែន នៅ​វិមាន​សន្តិភាព និង​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី​ការ​បរទេស លោក ហោ ណាំហុង នៅ​ឯ​ក្រសួង​ការ​បរទេស ដែល​ភាគី​ទាំង​ពីរ​បាន​ប្តេជ្ញា​លើក​កម្ពស់​ទំនាក់​ទំនង​និង​សហ​ប្រតិបត្តិការ​លើ​គ្រប់​វិស័យ​បន្ថែម​ទៀត​សម្រាប់​ការ​អភិវឌ្ឍ។
នៅ​ក្នុង​អំឡុង​កិច្ច​ជំនួប​នៅ​ក្រសួង​ការ​បរទេស លោក ហោ ណាំហុង បាន​លើក​ឡើង​ជាមួយ​សមភាគី​វៀតណាម ផង​ដែរ​អំពី​ការ​តវ៉ា​កន្លង​មក​នៅ​មុខ​ស្ថានទូត​វៀតណាម នៅ​ក្នុង​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ និង​អំពី​បញ្ហា​ប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្ត​ខ្មែរ​កម្ពុជា​ក្រោម ជា​ផ្នែក​មួយ​ក្នុង​ចំណោម​ការ​ពិភាក្សា​ទ្វេ​ភាគី​ប្រចាំ​ឆ្នាំ​ដទៃៗ​ទៀត ដូច​ជា សេដ្ឋកិច្ច នយោបាយ វិនិយោគ ទេសចរណ៍ ហេដ្ឋា​រចនា​សម្ព័ន្ធ ផ្លូវ​ថ្នល់​និង​ការ​កំណត់​សីមា​ព្រំដែន។ នេះ​បើ​តាម​អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ក្រសួង​ការ​បរទេស លោក កុយ គួង បាន​ថ្លែង​ប្រាប់​អ្នក​កាសែត​បន្ទាប់​ពី​កិច្ច​ជំនួប​បិទ​ទ្វារ ។
លោក កុយ គួង ថ្លែង​បន្ត​ថា៖ «អនុ​រដ្ឋ​មន្រ្តី​ការ​បរទេស​វៀតណាម បាន​លើក​ឡើង​ថា ទូត​ថ្មី​វៀតណាម ប្រចាំ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា នឹង​ធ្វើ​កំណត់​ទូត​ជូន​ដល់​ក្រសួង​ការ​បរទេស​អំពី​ការ​ផ្លាស់​អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ត្រឡប់​ទៅ​ប្រទេស​វិញ»។
លោក កុយ គួង បន្ត​ថា៖ «ទម្លាប់​ការ​ទូត​ក្នុង​ពិភពលោក កាល​ណា​យើង​និយាយ​ថា ផ្លាស់​ប្តូរ វា​អាច​ថា មាន​រឿង​ហើយ ន័យ​នេះ​យើង​អាច​យល់​បាន​ហើយ»។
លោក Van Thong មិន​អាច​ទាក់​ទង​សុំ​អត្ថាធិប្បាយ​បាន​ទេ​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍។
ទោះ​យ៉ាង​ណា​កាល ខែ​កក្កដា និង សីហា ក្រុម​និស្សិត ព្រះសង្ឃ និង​សកម្មជន​ខ្មែរ​កម្ពុជា​ក្រោម បាន​អំពាវនាវ​ឲ្យ​អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ស្ថានទូត​វៀតណាម ធ្វើ​ការ​សុំទោស​ចំពោះ​ការ​និយាយ​ថា វៀតណាម មាន​អធិបតេយ្យភាព​លើ​អតីត​ទឹក​ដី​ខេត្ត​កម្ពុជា​ក្រោម ដែល​បច្ចុប្បន្ន​នេះ​ហៅ​ថា វៀតណាម ក្រោយ​ដែល​បារាំង ប្រគល់​ឲ្យ​ទៅ​វៀតណាម​នៅ​ក្នុង ឆ្នាំ​១៩៤៩។
ក្រុម​បាតុករ​បាន​ដុត​ទង់​ជាតិ​ក្នុង​អំឡុង​ការ​តវ៉ា​នៅ​ក្រៅ​ស្ថានទូត​នេះ កាល​ពី​សប្តាហ៍​មុន​ដែល​ការ​តវ៉ា​នេះ​បាន​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​មាន​ការ​ខឹង​សម្បា​ពី​ក្រសួង​ការ​បរទេស​វៀតណាម រហូត​អំពាវនាវ​ឲ្យ​កម្ពុជា​ចាត់​វិធាន​ការ​បញ្ឈប់​ទង្វើ​នោះ​ផង៕

ភ្នំពេញប៉ុស្តិ៍

Friday, September 12, 2014

ព្រះតេជព្រះគុណ សាន សុជា បកស្រាយអំពីការបោះបាយបិណ្ឌ